Behavior Assessment Battery: Normative and Psychometric Investigation Among Polish Adults Who Do and Do Not Stutter Purpose The aim of this study was to establish normative data for Polish persons who stutter (PWS) and persons who do not stutter (PWNS) with the adapted version of the Behavior Assessment Battery (BAB; Vanryckeghem & Brutten, 2018) for adults and to investigate whether or not gender and age influenced ... Research Article
Research Article  |   October 19, 2018
Behavior Assessment Battery: Normative and Psychometric Investigation Among Polish Adults Who Do and Do Not Stutter
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Katarzyna Węsierska
    University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
  • Martine Vanryckeghem
    University of Central Florida, Orlando
  • Aleksandra Krawczyk
    University of Central Florida, Orlando
  • Marta Danielowska
    Interneuron Private Practice in Skawina, Poland
  • Maria Faściszewska
    University of Gdańsk, Pomeranian, Poland
  • Jadwiga Tuchowska
    Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland
  • Disclosure: The second author Martine Vanryckeghem is the coauthor of the Behavior Assessment Battery for Adults Who Stutter and has a nonfinancial relationship with the self-report tests described in this article. The other authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The second author Martine Vanryckeghem is the coauthor of the Behavior Assessment Battery for Adults Who Stutter and has a nonfinancial relationship with the self-report tests described in this article. The other authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Publisher Note: This article is part of the Special Issue: The 11th Oxford Dysfluency Conference.
    Publisher Note: This article is part of the Special Issue: The 11th Oxford Dysfluency Conference.×
  • Correspondence to Katarzyna Węsierska: katarzyna.wesierska@us.edu.pl
  • Editor-in-Chief: Sharon Millard
    Editor-in-Chief: Sharon Millard×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Special Issue: The 11th Oxford Dysfluency Conference / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 19, 2018
Behavior Assessment Battery: Normative and Psychometric Investigation Among Polish Adults Who Do and Do Not Stutter
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, October 2018, Vol. 27, 1224-1234. doi:10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0187
History: Received November 16, 2017 , Revised March 4, 2018 , Accepted May 8, 2018
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, October 2018, Vol. 27, 1224-1234. doi:10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0187
History: Received November 16, 2017; Revised March 4, 2018; Accepted May 8, 2018
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1

Purpose The aim of this study was to establish normative data for Polish persons who stutter (PWS) and persons who do not stutter (PWNS) with the adapted version of the Behavior Assessment Battery (BAB; Vanryckeghem & Brutten, 2018) for adults and to investigate whether or not gender and age influenced the results. In addition, the BAB subtests' reliability and validity were examined.

Method A Polish version of the BAB test procedures, including the Speech Situation Checklist–Emotional Reaction, Speech Situation Checklist–Speech Disruption, Behavior Checklist, and Communication Attitude Test for Adults Who Stutter (Vanryckeghem & Brutten, 2018), were individually administered to 123 adults who stutter and 151 adults who do not stutter between the ages of 17 and 70.

Results PWS scored statistically significantly higher on all BAB subtests compared to PWNS. No significant between-groups gender or age difference was detected. The test data indicate high internal validity. The test items correlate well with the total score and significantly differentiate the two groups. The test battery validly differentiates PWS from PWNS with high accuracy.

Conclusions The Polish version of the BAB for adults confirms data collected in previous cross-cultural investigations. The results once again differentiate PWS from PWNS in a powerful way. Compared to PWNS, PWS report significantly more anxiety and speech breakdown when speaking in particular speech situations. They also report their attitude toward speech to be significantly more negative compared to the typical speaker and indicate using a significant number of coping behaviors to avoid or escape difficult speaking conditions. The BAB test battery, in its totality, assists in multidimensional assessment, pre- and posttreatment comparison, and identification of treatment targets based on the answers of PWS to each test item.

Acknowledgments
The authors would like to thank their colleagues—Polish SLPs and leaders of self-help groups for PWS—who supported them in this project by aiding in data collection and the individuals who served as participants.
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