Improving Polish Stuttering Attitudes: An Experimental Study of Teachers and University Students Purpose This quasi-experimental design study in Poland evaluated the effects of a course on stuttering for university students and the effects of an educational workshop for public school teachers, both interventions designed to improve attitudes toward stuttering. Method Participants (132 in-service teachers and 75 university students) completed the ... Research Article
Research Article  |   October 19, 2018
Improving Polish Stuttering Attitudes: An Experimental Study of Teachers and University Students
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Kenneth O. St. Louis
    Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, West Virginia University, Morgantown
  • Katarzyna Węsierska
    Department of Philology, University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
    Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
  • Irena Polewczyk
    Department of Philology, University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Katarzyna Węsierska: katarzyna.wesierska@us.edu.pl
  • Editor: Sharon Millard
    Editor: Sharon Millard×
  • Publisher Note: This article is part of the Special Issue: The 11th Oxford Dysfluency Conference.
    Publisher Note: This article is part of the Special Issue: The 11th Oxford Dysfluency Conference.×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / School-Based Settings / Special Issue: The 11th Oxford Dysfluency Conference / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 19, 2018
Improving Polish Stuttering Attitudes: An Experimental Study of Teachers and University Students
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, October 2018, Vol. 27, 1195-1210. doi:10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0179
History: Received November 14, 2017 , Revised January 29, 2018 , Accepted April 5, 2018
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, October 2018, Vol. 27, 1195-1210. doi:10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0179
History: Received November 14, 2017; Revised January 29, 2018; Accepted April 5, 2018
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1

Purpose This quasi-experimental design study in Poland evaluated the effects of a course on stuttering for university students and the effects of an educational workshop for public school teachers, both interventions designed to improve attitudes toward stuttering.

Method Participants (132 in-service teachers and 75 university students) completed the Polish version of the Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes–Stuttering (St. Louis, 2011) twice, before and after 2 interventions for experimental groups and 3 months apart for control groups. Experimental teachers participated in a 2-hr workshop dedicated to stuttering. Experimental students enrolled in a 1-semester course wherein multiple activities (including the teacher workshop) were included to generate a comprehensive understanding of stuttering. None of the participants in either control group participated in the academic course for students or workshop for teachers.

Results Preintervention comparisons for teachers and for students confirmed that participants assigned to either experimental or control groups did not differ significantly on their attitudes toward stuttering. For both experimental teachers and students, the interventions resulted in significant positive changes in stuttering attitudes. Neither control group changed.

Conclusions This experimental study demonstrated that it is possible to positively modify stuttering attitudes of teachers as well as university students. It has implications for the length, content, and experiential components of interventions designed to improve public attitudes toward stuttering.

Acknowledgments
The POSHA-S was used with permission from the first author, and the Polish translation was carried out by Aneta Przepiórka and Agata Błachnio. The second and third authors would like to express their gratitude for the valuable assistance of Magdalena Marekwia, who helped with data encoding. All authors would also like to thank all study participants for their cooperation and efforts in this project.
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