A Phenomenological Analysis of the Experience of Stuttering Purpose Stuttering behaviors and moments of stuttering are typically defined by what a listener perceives. This study evaluated participants' perceptions of their own experience of moments of stuttering. Method Thirteen adults who stutter participated in a phenomenological qualitative study examining their experience of moments of stuttering. Analysis yielded ... Research Article
Research Article  |   October 19, 2018
A Phenomenological Analysis of the Experience of Stuttering
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Seth Tichenor
    Michigan State University, East Lansing
  • J. Scott Yaruss
    Michigan State University, East Lansing
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Seth Tichenor: set@msu.edu
  • Editor-in-Chief: Sharon Millard
    Editor-in-Chief: Sharon Millard×
  • Publisher Note: This article is part of the Special Issue: The 11th Oxford Dysfluency Conference.
    Publisher Note: This article is part of the Special Issue: The 11th Oxford Dysfluency Conference.×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Special Issue: The 11th Oxford Dysfluency Conference / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 19, 2018
A Phenomenological Analysis of the Experience of Stuttering
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, October 2018, Vol. 27, 1180-1194. doi:10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0192
History: Received November 16, 2017 , Revised March 7, 2018 , Accepted April 27, 2018
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, October 2018, Vol. 27, 1180-1194. doi:10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0192
History: Received November 16, 2017; Revised March 7, 2018; Accepted April 27, 2018
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1

Purpose Stuttering behaviors and moments of stuttering are typically defined by what a listener perceives. This study evaluated participants' perceptions of their own experience of moments of stuttering.

Method Thirteen adults who stutter participated in a phenomenological qualitative study examining their experience of moments of stuttering. Analysis yielded several common themes and subthemes culminating in an essential structure describing the shared experience.

Results Speakers experience anticipation and react in action and nonaction ways. Many speakers experience a loss of control that relates to a lack of a well-formed speech plan or agency. The experience of moments of stuttering changes through therapy, over time, with self-help, and across situations. Many speakers experience so-called typical stuttering behaviors as reactions rather than direct consequences of trying to speak. Interactions with listeners can affect the experience of stuttering.

Conclusion Although research recognizes that the experience of the stuttering disorder involves more than just speech behaviors, people who stutter experience stuttering behaviors in time as involving more than just the disruption in speech. This finding has implications for both the theoretical understanding of stuttering and the clinical evaluation and treatment of the stuttering disorder.

Acknowledgments
The authors are grateful to the participants for providing their thoughts about their experience of stuttering.
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