Two Grammatical Tasks for Screening Language Abilities in Spanish-Speaking Children Purpose This study assessed concurrent validity evidence for 2 grammatical tasks of a new screener, the Tamiz de Problemas de Lenguaje, for identifying monolingual Spanish-speaking children at risk for specific language impairment with grammatical deficits. Method A total of 770 4- to 6-year-old monolingual, Spanish-speaking children with and ... Research Article
Newly Published
Research Article  |   March 19, 2018
Two Grammatical Tasks for Screening Language Abilities in Spanish-Speaking Children
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Alejandra Auza Benavides
    Hospital General Dr. Manuel Gea González, Instituto Mexicano para la Atención del Desarrollo del Niño (IMAD), Mexico City, Distrito Federal, Mexico
  • Maria Kapantzoglou
    Portland State University, OR
  • Chiharu Murata
    Instituto Nacional de Pediatría, Coyoacan, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Alejandra Auza Benavides: alejandra.auza@yahoo.com
  • Editor-in-Chief: Krista Wilkinson
    Editor-in-Chief: Krista Wilkinson×
  • Editor: Li Sheng
    Editor: Li Sheng×
Article Information
Development / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Language Disorders / Specific Language Impairment / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Newly Published / Research Article
Research Article   |   March 19, 2018
Two Grammatical Tasks for Screening Language Abilities in Spanish-Speaking Children
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, Newly Published. doi:10.1044/2017_AJSLP-17-0052
History: Received April 23, 2017 , Revised September 9, 2017 , Accepted November 27, 2017
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, Newly Published. doi:10.1044/2017_AJSLP-17-0052
History: Received April 23, 2017; Revised September 9, 2017; Accepted November 27, 2017

Purpose This study assessed concurrent validity evidence for 2 grammatical tasks of a new screener, the Tamiz de Problemas de Lenguaje, for identifying monolingual Spanish-speaking children at risk for specific language impairment with grammatical deficits.

Method A total of 770 4- to 6-year-old monolingual, Spanish-speaking children with and without language impairment were sampled from 3 different states in Mexico. Multiple logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were conducted to assess the predictive utility of the model and the classification accuracy of the tasks. The criterion was diagnosis of specific language impairment with grammatical deficits on the basis of a comprehensive language assessment.

Results Results indicated that sensitivity estimates ranged from .90 to .94 and specificity estimates from .83 to .92. Overall, there was a good balance between sensitivity and specificity estimates with moderate to large positive and negative likelihood ratios.

Conclusion Results suggested that the 2 grammatical tasks are suitable for identifying 4- to 6-year-old monolingual Spanish-speaking children at risk for grammatical deficits.

Acknowledgments
The authors are grateful to Hospital General Gea González and Hospital Psiquiátrico Infantil “J. N. Navarro” in Mexico City and to the staff's schools where children were assessed. The authors are thankful to the children and families that participated in this research. A special mention to the authors' colleagues Ma. Elena Márquez, Verónica Pérez, Isaura Díaz, Lucía Arciniega and their graduate students Andrea Chávez, Paola Ramírez, Christian Peñaloza, and Damián Romero for their help in data collection. The authors are also thankful to Lorena Hernández who designed the drawings for the cloze task. Research was funded by the Ciencia Básica Program 2013, CONACyT, contract no. 0220634, awarded to Alejandra Auza Benavides.
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