Analysis of Story Recall in Military Veterans With and Without Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Preliminary Results Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine whether detailed analysis of story recall performance reveals significant differences between veterans with and without history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Method Twenty-one military veterans participated, with 7 reporting history of mTBI. All participants were administered the Logical ... Research Note
Research Note  |   March 01, 2018
Analysis of Story Recall in Military Veterans With and Without Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Preliminary Results
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Karen Gallagher
    Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Arizona State University, Tempe
  • Tamiko Azuma
    Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Arizona State University, Tempe
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Karen Gallagher: Karen.Gallagher@asu.edu
  • Editor: Margaret Blake
    Editor: Margaret Blake×
  • Associate Editor: Carl Coelho
    Associate Editor: Carl Coelho×
  • Publisher Note: This article is part of the Special Issue: Select Papers From the 46th Clinical Aphasiology Conference.
    Publisher Note: This article is part of the Special Issue: Select Papers From the 46th Clinical Aphasiology Conference.×
Article Information
Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Traumatic Brain Injury / Special Issue: Select Papers From the 46th Clinical Aphasiology Conference / Research Notes
Research Note   |   March 01, 2018
Analysis of Story Recall in Military Veterans With and Without Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Preliminary Results
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, March 2018, Vol. 27, 485-494. doi:10.1044/2017_AJSLP-16-0208
History: Received October 31, 2016 , Revised March 22, 2017 , Accepted November 21, 2017
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, March 2018, Vol. 27, 485-494. doi:10.1044/2017_AJSLP-16-0208
History: Received October 31, 2016; Revised March 22, 2017; Accepted November 21, 2017

Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine whether detailed analysis of story recall performance reveals significant differences between veterans with and without history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).

Method Twenty-one military veterans participated, with 7 reporting history of mTBI. All participants were administered the Logical Memory I and II subtests from the Wechsler Memory Scale–Fourth Edition (Wechsler, 2009). Responses were scored for total correct ideas (TCI) and total words produced (TWP).

Results Although the groups did not differ in scaled scores, other measures did reveal significant differences. After a delay, the mTBI group showed a greater drop in TCI relative to the control group. Additionally, the control group showed an increase in TWP when the recall was delayed versus immediate; a pattern not observed for the mTBI group.

Conclusions The mTBI and control groups did not significantly differ in scaled scores. However, group differences were observed in TCI and TWP. The findings suggest that, relative to the control group, the mTBI group were less successful in retrieving episodic information and eliciting self-cueing. Small sample size limited data interpretation, and larger sample sizes are needed to confirm the findings. The results indicate that veterans with mTBI may present with symptoms persisting beyond the acute state of the injury.

Acknowledgments
The authors would like to thank the staff and leadership at the Pat Tillman Veterans Center at Arizona State University.
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