Information for Reviewers
ASHA's journals are always seeking qualified, dedicated reviewers to
assist with the manuscript review process. The vitality of the journals
program depends on the willingness of volunteers to serve in this
important role. Below you'll find information about becoming a reviewer, reviewing online, giving a quality review, and what will happen to your review.
Why become a reviewer?
How do I become a reviewer?
- Include it on your curriculum vitae.
- Get an insider's knowledge of the peer-review process.
- Read cutting edge research before anyone else.
- Contribute further to your field.
- Work with other editors and associate editors.
- Get recognized in the print issue of the journal and online.
If you have never reviewed or submitted online before, create an account on ScholarOne Manuscripts.
Improve your chances of being invited to review a manuscript by
completing the areas of expertise and keywords fields. Doing this will
help Associate Editors find your profile!
Already created an account? Keep it up to date with current address
information and areas of expertise by logging in and updating your
account information. If you have an ASHA member account, remember that
the ScholarOne Manuscripts database is separate and must be kept up to
date as well.
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How do I use the online system (ScholarOne Manuscripts) to review a manuscript?
As a reviewer for an ASHA journal, you will use the online system, ScholarOne Manuscripts, to read and review the manuscript. The steps you will take to complete your online review are listed below:
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- Reply to the e-mail invitation by clicking on either the agree or decline link in the e-mail.
- Receive a second e-mail which has instructions for reviewing and
your user ID. If you've forgotten your password, you can have it
e-mailed to you from the ScholarOne Manuscripts log in page, or you can
contact the Editorial Administrator who will send you a temporary
- Log on to ScholarOne Manuscripts. Don't forget to select the journal from the drop down menu.
- Select Reviewer Center from the Main Menu.
- The next screen is a list of all the manuscripts you have agreed to
review. Click on the blue View Details button for the manuscript review
you want to begin.
- Read the instructions on the next screen. They will tell you how to
access the manuscript and scoresheet. (If you're reviewing a revised
manuscript, the author will have provided a detailed response to the
decision letter. Click on the Details tab. In the Version History
section, you can view the author's response or the previous decision
letter by clicking the corresponding links.) When you are ready to write
your review, we strongly recommend that you write it in your regular
word processing program and then copy and paste your comments into the
scoresheet. Do not use a table format, since your formatting will be
lost when you paste it.
- Your review is not submitted until you click on the Submit button.
The Save as Draft button allows you to go back to your submission later.
- The journal administrator will send a thank-you e-mail with the
editor's decision and the other reviewer comments after the review
process has been completed.
How do I give a quality review?
The quality of the journal is directly linked to the quality of the
reviews. Here are some guidelines to providing thorough, constructive
input to the editors and authors, ultimately adding substantive
scholarly work to the journal. You will have three parts to fill out in
an online review.
- Comments for the Author
- Comments for the Associate Editor
Comments for the Author
Provide the bulk of your review here. Include all comments which might
help the author(s) improve the manuscript. You can copy & paste your
comments from a saved word processing file into the Comments for the
Author box. Correct any formatting changes that may have taken place
Comments for the Associate Editor
The other box is for confidential comments to the AE (please be advised
that the editor and the administrator will be able to read your comments
in both boxes). The AE will be able to read all of the Comments for the
Author. In the AE box, you may include a statement about your
recommendation, or something which would not be constructive for the
author, such as "I was really leaning towards reject, but I feel like
there's something valuable there. If the author were to significantly
rewrite the paper I think it could be publishable at some point." Many
reviewers include a brief note for the AE in this box. Others leave it
blank. Either one is fine, but please do not copy your comments to
authors into this box.
Accept paper in its present form. Some minor
copy-editing may still be required, but it will be caught at the
copyediting stage so the authors need not submit a revision.
Revise paper. The manuscript is generally good but
requires minor content and/or editorial changes before its suitable for
publication. Revised manuscripts do not require another review by the
Resubmit paper. The paper contains one or more
serious problems in substance or form, whose resolution might result in a
generally acceptable manuscript. Resubmitted manuscripts typically are
reviewed again by the associate editor and editorial consultants. This
category applies only to manuscripts that contain important information
to begin with, whose flaws might be correctable.
Reject paper. The content, style, and/or preparation
of the manuscript are flawed to the extent that it is unlikely that
revisions can render the manuscript suitable for publication. The
content of the manuscript is unsuitable or inappropriate for the journal
(in which case the editor may determine to withdraw the manuscript).
Evaluate a manuscript for:
- Adequacy of the rationale for the study or paper
- Accuracy and scope of the literature review
- Appropriateness of research design, data analysis,
and interpretation of results for research articles
- Overall clinical or theoretical significance of the work
Clinical studies appearing in ASHA journals must meet recognized
standards for reporting. Articles reporting randomized clinical trials
must follow the Consolidated Standards for Reporting Trials (CONSORT),
nonrandomized clinical evaluations must follow the Transparency of
Reporting Evaluations of Nonrandomized Designs (TREND), and studies of
diagnostic accuracy must meet the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic
Accuracy (STARD). Authors should find these standards useful as guides
in designing and implementing their studies; however, it is recognized
that the standards apply directly to the reporting of studies rather
than to their implementation.
Manuscripts submitted to ASHA journals are privileged information.
They are confidential and must not be discussed with anyone other than
the journal editor and the assigned associate editor. Occasionally, a
reviewer must consult with colleagues on some aspect of a paper, such as
the statistical analysis. Such consultations should occur only with the
editor’s or associate editor’s permission and without providing the
author’s identity or details of the manuscript’s content. After the
final publication decision has been made, reviewers should destroy their
copies of the manuscript.
For the purpose of training PhD students in the peer review process, a
manuscript reviewer/mentor may engage a PhD student in the review
process under the mentor’s guidance. The mentor bears full
responsibility for the review. The PhD student will be bound by the same
principles of confidentiality that govern the review process as a
whole. It is the responsibility of the mentor to inform the journal
editorial administrator, the Editor, and AE of the mentee’s identity.
The editorial administrator will enter the information into the
manuscript administrative record.
When reviewing supplementary material provided with a manuscript,
editors, associate editors, and reviewers should consider the material’s
significance, relevance, and clarity. The material should enhance the
published article in a meaningful way, without being necessary for the
article to be understood. Supplementary materials should not be used as a
way to provide extraneous or unnecessary details about participants and
When reviewing an example provided on video or audio, check whether a
statement has been provided about the representativeness of the example
(e.g., "in this ideal case...." or "in this case selected because it
represents the mean performance of the group..."). Just as there are
standards for published figures, there should be some level of quality
expected for video examples.
If you cannot open a supplementary material file to review it,
mention this fact in the confidential comments to the associate editor
upon returning manuscript feedback.
You may choose to organize your review into three major areas.
Brief Summary. Briefly summarize the main argument, evidence and
conclusion of the paper. This may help to clarify the issues in your own
mind, and it often helps illuminate disagreements on factual matters
among the reviewers. End this section with a brief statement about an
overall impression, but do not provide a specific recommendation with
regard to publication (i.e. do not make a statement like "this paper
should be accepted" in the comments to the authors).
General Comments and Overall Evaluation. Say whether
you find the topic to be an interesting and important one, whether the
background review of the literature is sufficient and accurate, whether
the methods are sound (appropriate research design, procedures, and data
analyses), whether the results are compelling, and whether the
conclusions are warranted. Comments on overall clarity and organization
of the text can be included as well.
Line-by-line Comments. This section is for
corrections or comments on specific points. Such comments are often very
helpful to authors in their revisions. Do not bury any major issues in
this section; that information should be in the comments section. If
your recommendation is to reject the paper, this section should not be
Constructive criticism and suggestions for changing the paper to improve
the manuscript are welcomed. Please make any recommendation for
acceptance or rejection in the comments to the associate editor area,
not in your comments for the author. Please maintain a tone of
professional respect in your review. Criticisms should be put forth in
positive ways, accompanied by specific suggestions for improvement
whenever possible. Personal or derogatory language is to be avoided.
Revealing your identity
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ASHA journals offer both reviewers and authors the option of revealing
their identity. Reviewers who wish their identities be made known to the
author may type their names in the Comments for the Author box. Please
include your name only if you wish to reveal your identity.
What will happen to my review comments?
Once you submit feedback, the editor and AE will read your review along with any other reviews submitted for that particular manuscript. The editor and/or AE may reference your comments in his/her comments to the author. The editor has the final decision on the manuscript as well as whether your comments will be forwarded to the corresponding author.
If an editor or AE has concerns about your review comments, the review might be moved back to your ScholarOne Manuscripts Review Center for revision and resubmission. Or if you simply made a comment about whether a manuscript should be accepted or rejected, that specific comment may be removed, since it is the editor who renders a final decision.
As mentioned above, you will receive a copy of the decision letter for a manuscript on which you served. However, if revisions are requested by the editor, and you do not participate in the review of that revised manuscript, you will not receive a copy of that (final) decision letter.
Associate editors are encouraged to rate reviews on timeliness and quality. The timeliness rating is based on whether a review was delayed or not returned after a reviewer agreed to participate. The quality assessment rates whether the review was highly relevant, sufficient, below average, or not returned. Ratings in either area that are below our expectations may factor into whether a reviewer receives future invitations to participate in peer review, since it becomes a part of the reviewer’s ScholarOne Manuscripts account. However, review ratings are neither communicated to the author nor stored in the reviewer’s ASHA account, if applicable. Only editors, associate editors, National Office staff, and ScholarOne Manuscripts employees can access reviews and rating results.
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