South Asian Adults' Performance on Executive Function Tests Purpose This study compared the performance of South Asian and White adults on the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS; Wilson, Alderman, Burgess, Emslie, & Evans, 1996) and the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES; MacDonald, 2005), tests that can be used by speech-language pathologists to ... Research Note
Research Note  |   November 08, 2017
South Asian Adults' Performance on Executive Function Tests
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Veena Kallambettu
    The Ohio State University, Columbus
  • Angela N. Burda
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls
  • Nicole Wakeman
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Angela N. Burda: angela.burda@uni.edu
  • Editor: Krista Wilkinson
    Editor: Krista Wilkinson×
  • Associate Editor: Daniel Kempler
    Associate Editor: Daniel Kempler×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Research Notes
Research Note   |   November 08, 2017
South Asian Adults' Performance on Executive Function Tests
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2017, Vol. 26, 1254-1261. doi:10.1044/2017_AJSLP-16-0173
History: Received October 7, 2016 , Revised March 27, 2017 , Accepted June 26, 2017
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2017, Vol. 26, 1254-1261. doi:10.1044/2017_AJSLP-16-0173
History: Received October 7, 2016; Revised March 27, 2017; Accepted June 26, 2017

Purpose This study compared the performance of South Asian and White adults on the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS; Wilson, Alderman, Burgess, Emslie, & Evans, 1996) and the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES; MacDonald, 2005), tests that can be used by speech-language pathologists to assess executive function (EF).

Method Twenty South Asian and 20 White participants were administered the BADS and FAVRES. Raw scores were converted to profile scores on the BADS and to standard scores on the FAVRES. Analysis of covariance statistics were calculated to compare EF test performance.

Results South Asian and White participants did not demonstrate significant performance differences on the BADS. On the FAVRES, Whites had significantly higher accuracy scores on 2 of the 4 subtests and significantly higher rationale scores on 3 subtests. South Asian adults who completed all of their formal education in India had lower accuracy and rationale scores on 2 of the 4 subtests versus South Asian adults who completed at least some of their formal education in North America. No significant differences occurred on the Time scores for any subtest or on the overall Reasoning score.

Conclusions Performance differences on EF tests may exist between South Asian and White adults. Further research is necessary to determine the impact of cultural and linguistic differences on EF test performance in South Asian adults.

Acknowledgments
This study was made possible by funding from the University of Northern Iowa's 2012 Summer Fellowship and the College of Humanities and Fine Arts Major Grant to Dr. Angela Burda.
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