A Systematic Review of Speech Assessments for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Recommendations for Best Practice Purpose The purpose of this systematic review was to provide a summary and evaluation of speech assessments used with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A subsequent narrative review was completed to ascertain the core components of an evidence-based pediatric speech assessment, which, together with the results of the systematic ... Review Article
Review Article  |   August 15, 2017
A Systematic Review of Speech Assessments for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Recommendations for Best Practice
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Kate Broome
    Discipline of Speech Pathology, The University of Sydney, Australia
    The Sydney Children's Hospital Network, Sydney, Australia
  • Patricia McCabe
    Discipline of Speech Pathology, The University of Sydney, Australia
  • Kimberley Docking
    Discipline of Speech Pathology, The University of Sydney, Australia
  • Maree Doble
    Discipline of Speech Pathology, The University of Sydney, Australia
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Corresponence to Kate Broome: kbro3187@uni.sydney.edu.au
  • Editor: Krista Wilkinson
    Editor: Krista Wilkinson×
  • Associate Editor: Rebecca McCauley
    Associate Editor: Rebecca McCauley×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Special Populations / Autism Spectrum / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Review Articles
Review Article   |   August 15, 2017
A Systematic Review of Speech Assessments for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Recommendations for Best Practice
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2017, Vol. 26, 1011-1029. doi:10.1044/2017_AJSLP-16-0014
History: Received January 22, 2016 , Revised August 1, 2016 , Accepted March 7, 2017
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2017, Vol. 26, 1011-1029. doi:10.1044/2017_AJSLP-16-0014
History: Received January 22, 2016; Revised August 1, 2016; Accepted March 7, 2017

Purpose The purpose of this systematic review was to provide a summary and evaluation of speech assessments used with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A subsequent narrative review was completed to ascertain the core components of an evidence-based pediatric speech assessment, which, together with the results of the systematic review, provide clinical and research guidelines for best practice.

Method A systematic search of eight databases was used to find peer-reviewed research articles published between 1990 and 2014 assessing the speech of children with ASD. Eligible articles were categorized according to the assessment methods used and the speech characteristics described.

Results The review identified 21 articles that met the inclusion criteria, search criteria, and confidence in ASD diagnosis. The speech of prelinguistic participants was assessed in seven articles. Speech assessments with verbal participants were completed in 15 articles with segmental and suprasegmental aspects of speech analyzed. Assessment methods included connected speech samples, single-word naming tasks, speech imitation tasks, and analysis of the production of words and sentences.

Conclusions Clinical and research guidelines for speech assessment of children with ASD are outlined. Future comparisons will be facilitated by the use of consistent reporting methods in research focusing on children with ASD.

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