A Comparison of the Metalinguistic Performance and Spelling Development of Children With Inconsistent Speech Sound Disorder and Their Age-Matched and Reading-Matched Peers Purpose This study explored the specific nature of a spelling impairment in children with speech sound disorder (SSD) in relation to metalinguistic predictors of spelling development. Method The metalinguistic (phoneme, morphological, and orthographic awareness) and spelling development of 28 children ages 6–8 years with a history of inconsistent ... Research Article
Research Article  |   May 17, 2017
A Comparison of the Metalinguistic Performance and Spelling Development of Children With Inconsistent Speech Sound Disorder and Their Age-Matched and Reading-Matched Peers
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Brigid C. McNeill
    University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • Julie Wolter
    University of Montana, Missoula
  • Gail T. Gillon
    University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Brigid McNeill: brigid.mcneill@canterbury.ac.nz
  • Editor: Shelley Gray
    Editor: Shelley Gray×
  • Associate Editor: Rebecca McCauley
    Associate Editor: Rebecca McCauley×
Article Information
Development / Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Normal Language Processing / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Research Articles
Research Article   |   May 17, 2017
A Comparison of the Metalinguistic Performance and Spelling Development of Children With Inconsistent Speech Sound Disorder and Their Age-Matched and Reading-Matched Peers
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 2017, Vol. 26, 456-468. doi:10.1044/2016_AJSLP-16-0085
History: Received May 25, 2016 , Revised October 18, 2016 , Accepted December 5, 2016
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 2017, Vol. 26, 456-468. doi:10.1044/2016_AJSLP-16-0085
History: Received May 25, 2016; Revised October 18, 2016; Accepted December 5, 2016

Purpose This study explored the specific nature of a spelling impairment in children with speech sound disorder (SSD) in relation to metalinguistic predictors of spelling development.

Method The metalinguistic (phoneme, morphological, and orthographic awareness) and spelling development of 28 children ages 6–8 years with a history of inconsistent SSD were compared to those of their age-matched (n = 28) and reading-matched (n = 28) peers. Analysis of the literacy outcomes of children within the cohort with persistent (n = 18) versus resolved (n = 10) SSD was also conducted.

Results The age-matched peers outperformed the SSD group on all measures. Children with SSD performed comparably to their reading-matched peers on metalinguistic measures but exhibited lower spelling scores. Children with persistent SSD generally had less favorable outcomes than children with resolved SSD; however, even children with resolved SSD performed poorly on normative spelling measures.

Conclusion Children with SSD have a specific difficulty with spelling that is not commensurate with their metalinguistic and reading ability. Although low metalinguistic awareness appears to inhibit these children's spelling development, other factors should be considered, such as nonverbal rehearsal during spelling attempts and motoric ability. Integration of speech-production and spelling-intervention goals is important to enhance literacy outcomes for this group.

Acknowledgment
This research was supported by a Fast Start Marsden Grant M1134 from the Royal Society of New Zealand, awarded to Brigid McNeill.
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