Cross-Linguistic Differences in a Picture-Description Task Between Korean- and English-Speaking Individuals With Aphasia Purpose The purpose of the study was to examine cross-linguistic differences in a picture-description task between Korean- and English-speaking individuals with Broca's and anomic aphasia to determine whether a variation exists in the use of verbs and nouns across the language and aphasia groups. Method Forty-eight individuals (male ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 2016
Cross-Linguistic Differences in a Picture-Description Task Between Korean- and English-Speaking Individuals With Aphasia
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jee Eun Sung
    Department of Communication Disorders, EWHA Womans University, Seoul, South Korea
  • Gayle DeDe
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
  • Soo Eun Lee
    Department of Communication Disorders, EWHA Womans University, Seoul, South Korea
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Jee Eun Sung: jeesung@ewha.ac.kr
  • Editor: Anastasia Raymer
    Editor: Anastasia Raymer×
  • Associate Editor: Amy Rodriguez
    Associate Editor: Amy Rodriguez×
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Language Disorders / Aphasia / Supplement: Select Papers From the 45th Clinical Aphasiology Conference / Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 2016
Cross-Linguistic Differences in a Picture-Description Task Between Korean- and English-Speaking Individuals With Aphasia
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, December 2016, Vol. 25, S813-S822. doi:10.1044/2016_AJSLP-15-0140
History: Received September 15, 2015 , Revised March 28, 2016 , Accepted July 11, 2016
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, December 2016, Vol. 25, S813-S822. doi:10.1044/2016_AJSLP-15-0140
History: Received September 15, 2015; Revised March 28, 2016; Accepted July 11, 2016

Purpose The purpose of the study was to examine cross-linguistic differences in a picture-description task between Korean- and English-speaking individuals with Broca's and anomic aphasia to determine whether a variation exists in the use of verbs and nouns across the language and aphasia groups.

Method Forty-eight individuals (male = 29; female = 19) participated in the study (n = 28 for aphasic group and n = 20 healthy controls). Data for English speakers were obtained from the Aphasia Bank Project. We used the picture-description task to obtain connected speech samples and analyzed noun- and verb-related linguistic variables.

Results Korean speakers with aphasia produced more verbs per utterance and a lower noun-to-verb ratio than English speakers with aphasia, whereas English speakers produced more nouns than Korean speakers. The Korean anomic group produced more verbs than Korean speakers with Broca's aphasia, whereas no effects were significant for English speakers with aphasia depending on the type of aphasia.

Conclusions Aphasia symptoms vary as a function of linguistic features of languages that individuals with aphasia used premorbidly. Furthermore, the linguistic characteristics of the individual's language influenced aphasia symptoms more strongly than the type of aphasia. It is theoretically and clinically important that this cross-linguistic study provides different perspectives, and that noun–verb deficits may vary depending on linguistic features.

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