The Use of One or Three Semantic Associative Primes in Treating Anomia in Aphasia Purpose The aims of the study were to investigate the use of semantic associative relationships as primes in treating naming deficits, or anomia, in aphasia and to determine if differential treatment effects would be found if 1 or 3 primes were presented. Method Ten individuals with varying degrees ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 2016
The Use of One or Three Semantic Associative Primes in Treating Anomia in Aphasia
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Naomi Hashimoto
    Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, University of Wisconsin–River Falls
  • Disclosure: The author has declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The author has declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Naomi Hashimoto: naomi.hashimoto@uwrf.edu
  • Editor: Anastasia Raymer
    Editor: Anastasia Raymer×
  • Associate Editor: Stacy Harnish
    Associate Editor: Stacy Harnish×
Article Information
Research Issues, Methods & Evidence-Based Practice / Language Disorders / Aphasia / Supplement: Select Papers From the 45th Clinical Aphasiology Conference / Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 2016
The Use of One or Three Semantic Associative Primes in Treating Anomia in Aphasia
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, December 2016, Vol. 25, S665-S686. doi:10.1044/2016_AJSLP-15-0085
History: Received June 24, 2015 , Revised February 18, 2016 , Accepted June 13, 2016
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, December 2016, Vol. 25, S665-S686. doi:10.1044/2016_AJSLP-15-0085
History: Received June 24, 2015; Revised February 18, 2016; Accepted June 13, 2016

Purpose The aims of the study were to investigate the use of semantic associative relationships as primes in treating naming deficits, or anomia, in aphasia and to determine if differential treatment effects would be found if 1 or 3 primes were presented.

Method Ten individuals with varying degrees of anomia participated in the study. A single-subject, A-B treatment design with a cross-over component was used. A 1-PRIME condition (use of 1 prime) was compared with a 3-PRIMES condition (use of 3 primes) for each participant.

Results Visual analyses of treatment data revealed improvements in 8 of 10 participants. Meaningful effect sizes were obtained in at least 1 of the conditions for 6 of the 10 participants. Slightly more participants demonstrated meaningful effect sizes in the 3-PRIMES condition than in the 1-PRIME condition. Correlation analyses revealed a positive correlation between the number of teaching episodes and 3-PRIMES probe performance.

Conclusions The results support a protocol that uses semantic associative primes to increase naming accuracy in aphasia. The 3-PRIMES condition was slightly more beneficial than the 1-PRIME condition in terms of improving naming abilities in these participants, but there was no overwhelming advantage in using one or the other condition.

Acknowledgments
The author wishes to thank the clinicians who referred the participants as well as the participants who enrolled in this study.
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