Enhancing the Therapy Experience Using Principles of Video Game Design Purpose This article considers the potential benefits that applying design principles from contemporary video games may have on enhancing therapy experiences. Method Six principles of video game design are presented, and their relevance for enriching clinical experiences is discussed. Results The motivational and learning benefits of ... Viewpoint
Viewpoint  |   February 01, 2016
Enhancing the Therapy Experience Using Principles of Video Game Design
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • John Wm. Folkins
    Bowling Green State University, OH
  • Tim Brackenbury
    Bowling Green State University, OH
  • Miriam Krause
    Bowling Green State University, OH
  • Allison Haviland
    Bowling Green State University, OH
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to John Wm. Folkins: folkins@bgsu.edu
  • Editor: Krista Wilkinson
    Editor: Krista Wilkinson×
  • Associate Editor: Erinn Finke
    Associate Editor: Erinn Finke×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Viewpoint
Viewpoint   |   February 01, 2016
Enhancing the Therapy Experience Using Principles of Video Game Design
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, February 2016, Vol. 25, 111-121. doi:10.1044/2015_AJSLP-14-0059
History: Received April 21, 2014 , Revised August 27, 2014 , Accepted September 13, 2015
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, February 2016, Vol. 25, 111-121. doi:10.1044/2015_AJSLP-14-0059
History: Received April 21, 2014; Revised August 27, 2014; Accepted September 13, 2015

Purpose This article considers the potential benefits that applying design principles from contemporary video games may have on enhancing therapy experiences.

Method Six principles of video game design are presented, and their relevance for enriching clinical experiences is discussed.

Results The motivational and learning benefits of each design principle have been discussed in the education literature as having positive impacts on student motivation and learning and are related here to aspects of clinical practice. The essential experience principle suggests connecting all aspects of the experience around a central emotion or cognitive connection. The discovery principle promotes indirect learning in focused environments. The risk-taking principle addresses the uncertainties clients face when attempting newly learned skills in novel situations. The generalization principle encourages multiple opportunities for skill transfer. The reward system principle directly relates to the scaffolding of frequent and varied feedback in treatment. Last, the identity principle can assist clients in using their newly learned communication skills to redefine self-perceptions.

Conclusion These principles highlight areas for research and interventions that may be used to reinforce or advance current practice.

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