Tier 2 Language Intervention for Diverse Preschoolers: An Early-Stage Randomized Control Group Study Following an Analysis of Response to Intervention Purpose The first purpose of this study was to explore the use of a whole class, test–teach–test, dynamic assessment of narratives for identifying participants. The second purpose was to examine the efficacy of a Tier 2 narrative language intervention for culturally and linguistically diverse preschoolers. Method A dynamic ... Research Article
Research Article  |   November 01, 2015
Tier 2 Language Intervention for Diverse Preschoolers: An Early-Stage Randomized Control Group Study Following an Analysis of Response to Intervention
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Trina D. Spencer
    Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff
  • Douglas B. Petersen
    University of Wyoming, Laramie
  • John L. Adams
    Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff
  • Disclosure: Trina D. Spencer and Douglas B. Petersen developed the intervention examined in this study and may be entitled to royalties related to its sale.
    Disclosure: Trina D. Spencer and Douglas B. Petersen developed the intervention examined in this study and may be entitled to royalties related to its sale. ×
  • Correspondence to Trina D. Spencer: trina.spencer@nau.edu
  • Editor: Krista Wilkinson
    Editor: Krista Wilkinson×
  • Associate Editor: RaMonda Horton
    Associate Editor: RaMonda Horton×
Article Information
School-Based Settings / Language Disorders / Research Articles
Research Article   |   November 01, 2015
Tier 2 Language Intervention for Diverse Preschoolers: An Early-Stage Randomized Control Group Study Following an Analysis of Response to Intervention
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2015, Vol. 24, 619-636. doi:10.1044/2015_AJSLP-14-0101
History: Received July 15, 2014 , Revised October 13, 2014 , Accepted May 28, 2015
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2015, Vol. 24, 619-636. doi:10.1044/2015_AJSLP-14-0101
History: Received July 15, 2014; Revised October 13, 2014; Accepted May 28, 2015
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1

Purpose The first purpose of this study was to explore the use of a whole class, test–teach–test, dynamic assessment of narratives for identifying participants. The second purpose was to examine the efficacy of a Tier 2 narrative language intervention for culturally and linguistically diverse preschoolers.

Method A dynamic assessment was conducted with students from 3 Head Start classrooms. On the basis of the results of the dynamic assessment, 22 children were randomly assigned to treatment (n = 12) and control (n = 10) groups for intervention. Participants received a small-group (4:1), differentiated, narrative intervention for 15–20 min, twice a week, for 9 weeks. Interventionists used weekly progress monitoring data to explicitly focus on individualized narrative and linguistic targets.

Results The treatment group showed significant improvement over the control group on proximal and distal measures of narrative retells, with large effect sizes. Group differences on a measure of children's language in the context of personal stories were not statistically significant.

Conclusions This early-stage study provides evidence that narrative language intervention is an effective approach to improving the language skills of preschoolers with diverse language needs. Furthermore, the evidence supports the use of dynamic assessment for reducing overidentification and identifying candidates for small-group language intervention.

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