Acquisition of Consonant Clusters and Acceptable Variants in Chinese-Influenced Malaysian English-Speaking Children Purpose This study investigated consonant cluster acquisition in Chinese-influenced Malaysian English (ChME)-speaking children. Method This cross-sectional study involved 262 typically developing ChME-speaking children (138 girls, 124 boys) ages 3 to 7 years old. A single-word picture-naming task, which contained 66 words and targeted 32 syllable-initial (SI) and 14 ... Research Article
Research Article  |   August 01, 2015
Acquisition of Consonant Clusters and Acceptable Variants in Chinese-Influenced Malaysian English-Speaking Children
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Hooi San Phoon
    Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang
  • Margaret Maclagan
    University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • Anna Christina Abdullah
    Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Hooi San Phoon: phoon.hooisan@gmail.com
  • Editor: Krista Wilkinson
    Editor: Krista Wilkinson×
  • Associate Editor: Lynn Williams
    Associate Editor: Lynn Williams×
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Research Articles
Research Article   |   August 01, 2015
Acquisition of Consonant Clusters and Acceptable Variants in Chinese-Influenced Malaysian English-Speaking Children
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2015, Vol. 24, 517-532. doi:10.1044/2015_AJSLP-14-0037
History: Received March 13, 2014 , Revised October 13, 2014 , Accepted June 1, 2015
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2015, Vol. 24, 517-532. doi:10.1044/2015_AJSLP-14-0037
History: Received March 13, 2014; Revised October 13, 2014; Accepted June 1, 2015
Web of Science® Times Cited: 2

Purpose This study investigated consonant cluster acquisition in Chinese-influenced Malaysian English (ChME)-speaking children.

Method This cross-sectional study involved 262 typically developing ChME-speaking children (138 girls, 124 boys) ages 3 to 7 years old. A single-word picture-naming task, which contained 66 words and targeted 32 syllable-initial (SI) and 14 syllable-final (SF) consonant clusters, was administered.

Results Older children produced more correct productions than younger children, and there was no sex effect for consonant cluster production. SF consonant clusters were more accurate than SI consonant clusters among the younger children. The overall sequence of SI consonant cluster accuracy based on cluster categories from most to least accurate was /s/ + C, C + /w/, C + /j/, C + /l/, and C + /r/, whereas for SF consonant clusters, the order was C + stop, C + /s/, nasal + C, and /l/ + C. Two-element clusters consistently had higher accuracy in comparison to three-element clusters across the age groups. The overall consonant cluster accuracy of the present study showed similar patterns to those found in previous studies of Standard English.

Conclusion The findings of the study will be useful in the assessment of consonant cluster production of ChME-speaking children.

Acknowledgments
The materials presented here are part of the first author's PhD thesis completed at the University of Canterbury under the supervision of the second author. The first author would like to express her sincere thanks to the University of Canterbury for an International Doctoral Scholarship that enabled her to undertake this research. The authors also wish to express their appreciation to the participants and their families who generously agreed to take part in this study.
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