Utility of a Language Screening Measure for Predicting Risk for Language Impairment in Bilinguals Purpose This study evaluated the accuracy of an experimental version of the Bilingual English Spanish Oral Screener (BESOS; Peña, Bedore, Iglesias, Gutiérrez-Clellen, & Goldstein, 2008) for predicting the long-term risk for language impairment (LI) for a matched group of preschool-aged Spanish–English bilingual children with and without LI. Method ... Research Article
Research Article  |   August 01, 2015
Utility of a Language Screening Measure for Predicting Risk for Language Impairment in Bilinguals
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Mirza J. Lugo-Neris
    The University of Texas at Austin
  • Elizabeth D. Peña
    The University of Texas at Austin
  • Lisa M. Bedore
    The University of Texas at Austin
  • Ronald B. Gillam
    Utah State University, Logan
  • Disclosure: Elizabeth D. Peña and Lisa M. Bedore have a financial interest in the Bilingual English Spanish Assessment. Ronald B. Gillam has a financial interest in the Test of Narrative Language.
    Disclosure: Elizabeth D. Peña and Lisa M. Bedore have a financial interest in the Bilingual English Spanish Assessment. Ronald B. Gillam has a financial interest in the Test of Narrative Language. ×
  • Correspondence to Mirza J. Lugo-Neris: mirzalugo@utexas.edu
  • Editor: Krista Wilkinson
    Editor: Krista Wilkinson×
  • Associate Editor: Carol Miller
    Associate Editor: Carol Miller×
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / School-Based Settings / Language Disorders / Research Articles
Research Article   |   August 01, 2015
Utility of a Language Screening Measure for Predicting Risk for Language Impairment in Bilinguals
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2015, Vol. 24, 426-437. doi:10.1044/2015_AJSLP-14-0061
History: Received April 23, 2014 , Revised October 19, 2014 , Accepted April 10, 2015
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2015, Vol. 24, 426-437. doi:10.1044/2015_AJSLP-14-0061
History: Received April 23, 2014; Revised October 19, 2014; Accepted April 10, 2015
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1

Purpose This study evaluated the accuracy of an experimental version of the Bilingual English Spanish Oral Screener (BESOS; Peña, Bedore, Iglesias, Gutiérrez-Clellen, & Goldstein, 2008) for predicting the long-term risk for language impairment (LI) for a matched group of preschool-aged Spanish–English bilingual children with and without LI.

Method A total of 1,029 Spanish–English bilingual children completed the BESOS before entering kindergarten. A subset of 167 participants completed a follow-up language evaluation in 1st grade. Twenty-one of these children were identified as having LI and were matched to a group of 21 typically developing peers from the larger sample. A series of discriminant analyses were used to determine the combination of scores on the BESOS that most accurately predicted 2 years later which children presented with and without LI.

Results The linear combination of the semantics and morphosyntax scores in the best language resulted in predictive sensitivity of 95.2% and predictive specificity of 71.4%, with an overall accuracy of 81% for predicting risk for LI.

Conclusion A bilingual language screener administered before kindergarten can be useful for predicting risk for LI in bilingual children in 1st grade.

Acknowledgments
This project was supported by National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Grant R01DC007439 and Department of Education Training Grant H325D090068 (both grants awarded to Elizabeth D. Peña). We thank all of the interviewers and examiners for their assistance with collecting the data and the school districts for allowing us access to the participants.
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