Treating Myofunctional Disorders: A Multiple-Baseline Study of a New Treatment Using Electropalatography Purpose This study assessed the benefit of using electropalatography (EPG) in treatment aimed at habilitating individuals with nonspeech orofacial myofunctional disorders (NSOMD). Method The study used a multiple-baseline design across 3 female participants who were referred for an evaluation and possible treatment of their NSOMD. Treatment sessions were ... Clinical Focus
Clinical Focus  |   November 01, 2014
Treating Myofunctional Disorders: A Multiple-Baseline Study of a New Treatment Using Electropalatography
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Alana Mantie-Kozlowski
    Missouri State University, Springfield
  • Kevin Pitt
    Missouri State University, Springfield
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Alana Mantie-Kozlowski: alanamantiekozlowski@missouristate.edu
  • Editor: Krista Wilkinson
    Editor: Krista Wilkinson×
  • Associate Editor: Julie Barkmeier-Kraemer
    Associate Editor: Julie Barkmeier-Kraemer×
Article Information
Swallowing, Dysphagia & Feeding Disorders / Special Populations / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Clinical Focus
Clinical Focus   |   November 01, 2014
Treating Myofunctional Disorders: A Multiple-Baseline Study of a New Treatment Using Electropalatography
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2014, Vol. 23, 520-529. doi:10.1044/2014_AJSLP-14-0001
History: Received January 2, 2014 , Revised April 21, 2014 , Accepted August 15, 2014
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2014, Vol. 23, 520-529. doi:10.1044/2014_AJSLP-14-0001
History: Received January 2, 2014; Revised April 21, 2014; Accepted August 15, 2014

Purpose This study assessed the benefit of using electropalatography (EPG) in treatment aimed at habilitating individuals with nonspeech orofacial myofunctional disorders (NSOMD).

Method The study used a multiple-baseline design across 3 female participants who were referred for an evaluation and possible treatment of their NSOMD. Treatment sessions were 30 min and provided twice weekly. Participant 1 received 8 treatments, Participant 2 received 6 treatments, and Participant 3 received 4 treatments. The patterns of sensor activation produced when participants' tongues made contact with the electropalate during saliva swallows were compared with the patterns of age-matched peers. Individualized goals were developed on the basis of these comparisons.

Results Treatment was generally effective for the established goals. Of the 3 participants, 2 met all their goals, and the 3rd participant made gains across 1 of 2 goals. Participants continued to perform above baseline levels for most targeted goals during testing 5–8 weeks posttreatment.

Conclusion When used in skilled treatment, EPG has potential as a means of habilitating NSOMD. It may serve as a valuable tool, providing the clinician and client with information that allows for individualized treatment planning.

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