Perceptions of Speech-Language Pathologists Linked to Evidence-Based Practice Use in Skilled Nursing Facilities Purpose This study explored whether perceptions of evidence or organizational context were associated with the use of external memory aids with residents with dementia in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). Method A survey design, supplemented by a small sample of exploratory interviews, was completed within the Promoting Action on ... Research Article
Research Article  |   November 01, 2014
Perceptions of Speech-Language Pathologists Linked to Evidence-Based Practice Use in Skilled Nursing Facilities
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Natalie F. Douglas
    Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant
  • Jacqueline J. Hinckley
    University of South Florida, Tampa
  • William E. Haley
    University of South Florida, Tampa
  • Ross Andel
    University of South Florida, Tampa
  • Theresa H. Chisolm
    University of South Florida, Tampa
  • Ann C. Eddins
    University of South Florida, Tampa
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Natalie F. Douglas: natalie.douglas@cmich.edu
  • Editor: Krista Wilkinson
    Editor: Krista Wilkinson×
  • Associate Editor: Yasmeen Faroqi-Shah
    Associate Editor: Yasmeen Faroqi-Shah×
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   November 01, 2014
Perceptions of Speech-Language Pathologists Linked to Evidence-Based Practice Use in Skilled Nursing Facilities
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2014, Vol. 23, 612-624. doi:10.1044/2014_AJSLP-13-0139
History: Received November 21, 2013 , Revised March 6, 2014 , Accepted June 16, 2014
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2014, Vol. 23, 612-624. doi:10.1044/2014_AJSLP-13-0139
History: Received November 21, 2013; Revised March 6, 2014; Accepted June 16, 2014

Purpose This study explored whether perceptions of evidence or organizational context were associated with the use of external memory aids with residents with dementia in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs).

Method A survey design, supplemented by a small sample of exploratory interviews, was completed within the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework. Ninety-six speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and 68 facility rehabilitation directors (FRDs) completed the Organizational Readiness to Change Assessment (Helfrich, Li, Sharp, & Sales, 2009) in relationship to the use of external memory aids. Five SLPs completed an interview exploring perceptions of evidence and context in relationship to memory aid use.

Results SLPs and FRDs had favorable perceptions of evidence supporting memory aids. FRDs perceived the organizational context of the SNF more favorably than SLPs. SLP participants used external memory aids in the past 6 months in 45.89% of cases of residents with dementia. For SLP participants, a 26% (p < .05) increase of external memory aid use was associated with every 1-unit change in favor of the evidence. Interview data revealed barriers to external memory aid implementation.

Conclusions Part of evidence-based practice implementation may be influenced by clinician perceptions. Efforts to increase implementation of external memory aids in SNFs should address these clinician perceptions.

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