Segmental and Prosodic Approaches to Accent Management Purpose This study investigated the relative outcomes of segmental and prosodic training of nonnative speakers of American English. Method The study used a single-subject, alternating treatments, multiple baseline design with replication across participants and counterbalanced for order effect. Participants were 4 adult male native Hindi speakers proficient in ... Research Article
Research Article  |   November 01, 2014
Segmental and Prosodic Approaches to Accent Management
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Alison Behrman
    Iona College, New Rochelle, NY
  • Disclosure: The author has declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The author has declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Alison Behrman: alison.behrman@lehman.cuny.edy
  • Alison Behrman is now with Lehman College/CUNY, Bronx, NY.
    Alison Behrman is now with Lehman College/CUNY, Bronx, NY.×
  • Editor: Carol Scheffner Hammer
    Editor: Carol Scheffner Hammer×
  • Associate Editor: Peter Flipsen Jr.
    Associate Editor: Peter Flipsen Jr.×
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Research Articles
Research Article   |   November 01, 2014
Segmental and Prosodic Approaches to Accent Management
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2014, Vol. 23, 546-561. doi:10.1044/2014_AJSLP-13-0074
History: Received July 26, 2013 , Revised November 11, 2013 , Accepted March 16, 2014
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2014, Vol. 23, 546-561. doi:10.1044/2014_AJSLP-13-0074
History: Received July 26, 2013; Revised November 11, 2013; Accepted March 16, 2014

Purpose This study investigated the relative outcomes of segmental and prosodic training of nonnative speakers of American English.

Method The study used a single-subject, alternating treatments, multiple baseline design with replication across participants and counterbalanced for order effect. Participants were 4 adult male native Hindi speakers proficient in English. Two participants received ABABCACA (A = baseline/withdrawal, B = segmental training, C = prosody training), and 2 participants received ACACBABA, with a minimum of 5 sessions per phase. Segmental accuracy and prosodic accuracy were probed at each session, as were perception of accentedness and ease of understanding.

Results Visual assessment of data and effect size calculation demonstrated that segmental and prosody training resulted in increased accuracy of pronunciation and prosody patterns, respectively, and those improvements appeared to be maintained over the short term. Listeners perceived lesser accent and easier understanding as a result of the combination of segmental and prosody training. The findings are uncertain with respect to the relative contribution of segmental and prosody training, and they may be speaker dependent, but the data do suggest that both components are important.

Conclusion Accent management, consisting of both segmental and prosody training, yielded positive outcomes. Further research with native language speakers of other languages is important to verify and expand on these findings.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access