Beyond Picture Naming: Norms and Patient Data for a Verb-Generation Task Purpose In the current study, the authors aimed to (a) acquire a set of verb generation to picture norms; and (b) probe its utility as an outcomes measure in aphasia treatment. Method In Phase I, the verb-generation normative sample, 50 healthy volunteers generated verbs for 218 pictures of ... Supplement Article
Supplement Article  |   May 01, 2014
Beyond Picture Naming: Norms and Patient Data for a Verb-Generation Task
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jacquie Kurland
    University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  • Alisson Reber
    University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  • Polly Stokes
    University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Jacquie Kurland: jkurland@comdis.umass.edu
  • Editor: Swathi Kiran
    Editor: Swathi Kiran×
  • Associate Editor: James Reilly
    Associate Editor: James Reilly×
Article Information
Normal Language Processing / Language Disorders / Aphasia / Supplement: Select Papers From the 43rd Clinical Aphasiology Conference
Supplement Article   |   May 01, 2014
Beyond Picture Naming: Norms and Patient Data for a Verb-Generation Task
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 2014, Vol. 23, S259-S270. doi:10.1044/2014_AJSLP-13-0094
History: Received August 16, 2013 , Revised October 27, 2013 , Accepted November 18, 2013
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 2014, Vol. 23, S259-S270. doi:10.1044/2014_AJSLP-13-0094
History: Received August 16, 2013; Revised October 27, 2013; Accepted November 18, 2013
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1

Purpose In the current study, the authors aimed to (a) acquire a set of verb generation to picture norms; and (b) probe its utility as an outcomes measure in aphasia treatment.

Method In Phase I, the verb-generation normative sample, 50 healthy volunteers generated verbs for 218 pictures of common objects (interstimulus interval = 5 s). In Phase II, 4 persons with aphasia (PWAs) generated verbs for 60 objects (interstimulus interval = 10 s). Their stimuli consisted of objects that were (a) recently trained (for object naming; n = 20), (b) untrained (a control set; n = 20), or (c) from a set of pictures named correctly at baseline (n = 20). Verb generation was acquired twice: once 2 months into and once following a 6-month home practice program.

Results No objects elicited perfect verb agreement in the normed sample. Stimuli with the highest percent agreement were mostly artifacts and dominant verbs primary functional associates. Although not targeted in treatment or home practice, PWAs mostly improved performance in verb generation postpractice.

Conclusions A set of clinically and experimentally useful verb-generation norms was acquired for a subset of the Snodgrass and Vanderwart (1980)  picture set. More cognitively demanding than confrontation naming, this task may help to fill the sizeable gap between object picture naming and propositional speech.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported by National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Grant R01DC011526, awarded to the first author. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. The authors would like to thank Michael Starr for his contributions to the study.
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