Effects of Intensive Phonomotor Treatment on Reading in Eight Individuals With Aphasia and Phonological Alexia Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate effects of a multimodal treatment of phonology, phonomotor treatment, on the reading abilities of persons with aphasia (PWA) with phonological alexia. Method In a retrospective, single-group design, this study presents pre-, post-, and 3-months posttreatment data for 8 PWA ... Supplement Article
Supplement Article  |   May 01, 2014
Effects of Intensive Phonomotor Treatment on Reading in Eight Individuals With Aphasia and Phonological Alexia
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • C. Elizabeth Brookshire
    University of Washington, Seattle
  • Tim Conway
    University of Florida, Gainesville
  • Rebecca Hunting Pompon
    University of Washington, Seattle
  • Megan Oelke
    University of Washington, Seattle
  • Diane L. Kendall
    University of Washington, Seattle
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to C. Elizabeth Brookshire: lizbrook@uw.edu
  • Editor: Swathi Kiran
    Editor: Swathi Kiran×
  • Associate Editor: Edwin Maas
    Associate Editor: Edwin Maas×
Article Information
Language Disorders / Aphasia / Reading & Writing Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Supplement: Select Papers From the 43rd Clinical Aphasiology Conference
Supplement Article   |   May 01, 2014
Effects of Intensive Phonomotor Treatment on Reading in Eight Individuals With Aphasia and Phonological Alexia
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 2014, Vol. 23, S300-S311. doi:10.1044/2014_AJSLP-13-0083
History: Received August 3, 2013 , Revised October 21, 2013 , Accepted January 13, 2014
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 2014, Vol. 23, S300-S311. doi:10.1044/2014_AJSLP-13-0083
History: Received August 3, 2013; Revised October 21, 2013; Accepted January 13, 2014
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1

Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate effects of a multimodal treatment of phonology, phonomotor treatment, on the reading abilities of persons with aphasia (PWA) with phonological alexia.

Method In a retrospective, single-group design, this study presents pre-, post-, and 3-months posttreatment data for 8 PWA with phonological alexia. Participants completed 60 hr of phonomotor treatment over 6 weeks. Wilcoxon signed-ranks tests and group effect sizes comparing pre-, immediately post-, and 3-months posttreatment performance on tests of phonological processing and reading were performed.

Results Group data showed phonological processing and oral reading of real words and nonwords improved significantly posttreatment; these gains were maintained 3 months later. No group improvement was found for reading comprehension; however, one individual did show improvement immediately post- and 3-months posttreatment.

Conclusions This study provides support that phonomotor treatment is a viable approach to improve phonological processing and oral reading for PWA with phonological alexia. The lack of improvement with comprehension is inconsistent with prior work using similar treatments (Conway et al., 1998; Kendall et al., 2003). However, this difference can, in part, be accounted for by differences in variables, such as treatment intensity and frequency, outcome measures, and alexia severity.

Acknowledgments
This study was supported by Veterans Administration RR&D Merit Review Grant #C6572R. The authors would like to acknowledge and thank all participants and Sam Wu for their contributions to this project.
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