Treatment of Proper Name Retrieval Deficits in an Individual With Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Purpose Studies investigating language deficits in individuals with left temporal–lobe epilepsy have consistently demonstrated impairments in proper name retrieval. The aim of this Phase I rehabilitation study was to investigate the effects of a linguistically distributed word retrieval treatment on proper name retrieval in an individual with left temporal–lobe epilepsy. ... Supplement Article
Supplement Article  |   May 01, 2013
Treatment of Proper Name Retrieval Deficits in an Individual With Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Irene Minkina
    University of Washington, Seattle
  • Jeffrey G. Ojemann
    University of Washington, Seattle
  • Thomas J. Grabowski
    University of Washington, Seattle
  • JoAnn P. Silkes
    University of Washington, Seattle
  • Vaishali Phatak
    University of Washington, Seattle
  • Diane L. Kendall
    University of Washington, Seattle
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center Puget Sound, Seattle, WA
  • Correspondence to Irene Minkina: iminkina@uw.edu
  • Editor: Swathi Kiran
    Editor: Swathi Kiran×
  • Associate Editor: Heather Wright
    Associate Editor: Heather Wright×
Article Information
Research Issues, Methods & Evidence-Based Practice / Language Disorders / Supplement: Select Papers From the 42nd Clinical Aphasiology Conference
Supplement Article   |   May 01, 2013
Treatment of Proper Name Retrieval Deficits in an Individual With Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 2013, Vol. 22, S250-S255. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2012/12-0048)
History: Received June 16, 2012 , Revised October 6, 2012 , Accepted November 12, 2012
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 2013, Vol. 22, S250-S255. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2012/12-0048)
History: Received June 16, 2012; Revised October 6, 2012; Accepted November 12, 2012
Web of Science® Times Cited: 2

Purpose Studies investigating language deficits in individuals with left temporal–lobe epilepsy have consistently demonstrated impairments in proper name retrieval. The aim of this Phase I rehabilitation study was to investigate the effects of a linguistically distributed word retrieval treatment on proper name retrieval in an individual with left temporal–lobe epilepsy.

Method A 61-year old right-handed male with left temporal–lobe epilepsy (clinical onset at the age of 50) and a deficit in proper name retrieval participated in this study. A single-subject, repeated-probe ABAA design with testing before, immediately after, and 3 months after treatment completion was employed. Proper name retrieval treatment was administered 2 hr per day for 5 days.

Results Results demonstrated improved naming on trained items and maintenance of trained items 3 months after treatment completion.

Conclusion Treatment, which took advantage of the individual's undamaged linguistic networks, promoted the reorganization of networks supporting proper naming, leading to improved proper name retrieval. Further research replicating these findings in individuals with varying degrees of proper name retrieval impairment is warranted. Additionally, the mechanism behind the observed improvements in proper name retrieval needs to be investigated further using functional neuroimaging.

Acknowledgments
We would like to thank the participant for his time and effort. We would also like to thank Lauren Bislick and Christina del Toro for their help with study design and Elizabeth Brookshire for her help with reliability. This study was supported by the University of Washington Royalty Research Fund (A61872).
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