Characteristics of Vietnamese Phonology The number of individuals in the United States whose native language is Vietnamese has increased dramatically during the past decade. To work effectively with Vietnamese speakers, speech-language practitioners need to understand basic aspects of the Vietnamese language, especially the sound system, and how it differs from English. The purpose of ... Tutorial
Tutorial  |   August 01, 2002
Characteristics of Vietnamese Phonology
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Deborah Hwa-Froelich, PhD
    Saint Louis University, MO
  • Barbara W. Hodson
    Wichita State University, KS
  • Harold T. Edwards
    Wichita State University, KS
  • Contact Author: Deborah Hwa-Froelich, PhD, Saint Louis University, 12 McGannon Hall, St. Louis, MO 63108-3412. E-mail: hwafroda@slu.edu
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Tutorial
Tutorial   |   August 01, 2002
Characteristics of Vietnamese Phonology
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2002, Vol. 11, 264-273. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2002/031)
History: Received July 18, 2001 , Accepted November 7, 2001
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2002, Vol. 11, 264-273. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2002/031)
History: Received July 18, 2001; Accepted November 7, 2001
Web of Science® Times Cited: 8

The number of individuals in the United States whose native language is Vietnamese has increased dramatically during the past decade. To work effectively with Vietnamese speakers, speech-language practitioners need to understand basic aspects of the Vietnamese language, especially the sound system, and how it differs from English. The purpose of this report is to provide basic information that can be used by practitioners to understand not only the differences between Vietnamese and English phonology, but also the influence of dialects. Characteristics of Vietnamese phonology and speech samples of three native speakers, representing the northern, central, and southern dialects, are used to illustrate information from the literature in this tutorial. Clinical Implications include considerations for assessment and intervention with Vietnamese individuals who may have a phonological disorder.

Acknowledgments
The authors would like to acknowledge the assistance of Aivy Tran, An Nguyen, and Myanh Duong who confirmed the pronunciation of the three Vietnamese dialects. Giang Tang, a Vietnamese speech-language pathology graduate student and Ms. Tran, a Southern dialect Vietnamese speaker consulted with the first author on the information and illustrations for this article. Tina Bennett-Kastor helped with the literature search for existing linguistic analyses of the Vietnamese language. The authors are grateful for the work of Valerie Froelich who assisted with the drawings for Figure 1. In addition, the authors would like to thank Ken Bleile and the anonymous reviewers who helped with the editorial changes and preparation of this manuscript. Finally, the authors appreciate the financial support of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), and the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families (ACYF), Grant # 90YD006101.
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