Effect of Color on Developmental Picture-Vocabulary Naming of 4-, 6-, and 8-Year-Old Children This study examined the effect of color on the naming process in children for pictures of increasing vocabulary difficulty levels. Picture-naming reaction times and accuracy rates were measured for both black and white line drawings and color drawings in 30 normally developing children, ages 4, 6, and 8 years, via ... Research Article
Research Article  |   November 01, 2000
Effect of Color on Developmental Picture-Vocabulary Naming of 4-, 6-, and 8-Year-Old Children
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Irene M. Barrow
    East Carolina University, Greenville, NC
  • Donald Holbert
    East Carolina University, Greenville, NC
  • Michael P. Rastatter
    East Carolina University, Greenville, NC
  • Contact author: Irene M. Barrow, PhD, East Carolina University, Department of CSDI, School of Allied Health Sciences, Belk Annex II, Greenville, NC 27858. Email: RBarrWHEEL@aol.com
Article Information
Development / School-Based Settings / Language Disorders / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Research Articles
Research Article   |   November 01, 2000
Effect of Color on Developmental Picture-Vocabulary Naming of 4-, 6-, and 8-Year-Old Children
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2000, Vol. 9, 310-318. doi:10.1044/1058-0360.0904.310
History: Received April 30, 2000 , Accepted October 4, 2000
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, November 2000, Vol. 9, 310-318. doi:10.1044/1058-0360.0904.310
History: Received April 30, 2000; Accepted October 4, 2000

This study examined the effect of color on the naming process in children for pictures of increasing vocabulary difficulty levels. Picture-naming reaction times and accuracy rates were measured for both black and white line drawings and color drawings in 30 normally developing children, ages 4, 6, and 8 years, via a tachistoscopic viewing paradigm. Statistical analysis of reaction time data revealed that color affected speed of naming only when the vocabulary level of the picture was within the developmental range of the child. That is, for vocabulary within an emerging period for the child, colored drawings were named significantly faster than black and white line drawings. However, color did not significantly influence speed of naming for pictures either for vocabulary well established in the child’s lexicon or for vocabulary above the child’s developmental age. Statistical analysis of accuracy data revealed significant color by vocabulary interactions. Specifically, when the vocabulary level of the pictures exceeded chronological age level, children named color drawings with significantly higher accuracy rates than black and white line drawings.

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