Basic Concepts of Surface Electromyographic Biofeedback in the Treatment of Dysphagia: A Tutorial Surface electromyographic (sEMG) biofeedback has been used to enhance behavioral treatment interventions in a variety of movement disorders involving the head and neck musculature. These include, but are not limited to, voice disorders (Andrews, Warner, & Stewart, 1986), dysarthria (Gentil, Aucouturier, Delong, & Sambuis, 1994), hemifacial spasm (Rubow, Rosenbek, Collins, ... Tutorial
Tutorial  |   May 01, 2000
Basic Concepts of Surface Electromyographic Biofeedback in the Treatment of Dysphagia: A Tutorial
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Michael A. Crary
    College of Health Professions, University of Florida Health Science Center, Gainesville
  • Michael E. Groher
    College of Health Professions, University of Florida Health Science Center, Gainesville
  • Contact author: Michael A. Crary, PhD, Box 100174, Gainesville, FL 32610–0174. Email: Mcrary@hp.ufl.edu
Article Information
Swallowing, Dysphagia & Feeding Disorders / Tutorial
Tutorial   |   May 01, 2000
Basic Concepts of Surface Electromyographic Biofeedback in the Treatment of Dysphagia: A Tutorial
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 2000, Vol. 9, 116-125. doi:10.1044/1058-0360.0902.116
History: Received August 24, 1999 , Accepted March 10, 2000
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 2000, Vol. 9, 116-125. doi:10.1044/1058-0360.0902.116
History: Received August 24, 1999; Accepted March 10, 2000

Surface electromyographic (sEMG) biofeedback has been used to enhance behavioral treatment interventions in a variety of movement disorders involving the head and neck musculature. These include, but are not limited to, voice disorders (Andrews, Warner, & Stewart, 1986), dysarthria (Gentil, Aucouturier, Delong, & Sambuis, 1994), hemifacial spasm (Rubow, Rosenbek, Collins, & Celesia, 1984), mandibular closure (Nemec & Cohen, 1984), and dysphagia (Bryant, 1991; Crary, 1995). Despite the potential for widespread application of sEMG biofeedback-assisted treatments in motor disorders of the head and neck musculature, speech-language pathologists generally are not aware of these techniques or of their potential application to speech, voice, or swallowing disorders. The intent of this tutorial is to provide a general introduction to surface electromyographic biofeedback techniques as they may apply to the rehabilitation of dysphagia in adults. Specific examples are provided based on clinical management of patients with dysphagia following brainstem stroke.

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