Assessing the Communication of African American One-Year-Olds Using the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales This article describes the use of the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales (CSBS) to profile the communication, social, and symbolic abilities of African American 1-year-olds. The CSBS was administered to 93 African American infants at 1 year of age. Results indicated that this sample's CSBS scores were generally similar to ... Research Article
Research Article  |   May 01, 1997
Assessing the Communication of African American One-Year-Olds Using the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Joanne E. Roberts
    Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center, Chapel Hill, NC
  • Lynn P. Medley
    Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center, Chapel Hill, NC
  • Janet L. Swartzfager
    Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center, Chapel Hill, NC
  • Eloise C. Neebe
    Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center, Chapel Hill, NC
  • Contact author: Joanne E. Roberts, PhD, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 105 Smith Level Road, CB# 8180, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-8180 Email: joanne_roberts@unc.edu
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Research Articles
Research Article   |   May 01, 1997
Assessing the Communication of African American One-Year-Olds Using the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 1997, Vol. 6, 59-65. doi:10.1044/1058-0360.0602.59
History: Received October 12, 1995 , Accepted October 2, 1996
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, May 1997, Vol. 6, 59-65. doi:10.1044/1058-0360.0602.59
History: Received October 12, 1995; Accepted October 2, 1996

This article describes the use of the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales (CSBS) to profile the communication, social, and symbolic abilities of African American 1-year-olds. The CSBS was administered to 93 African American infants at 1 year of age. Results indicated that this sample's CSBS scores were generally similar to those reported in the standardization sample with adequate levels of internal consistency for most scales. Few gender differences occurred. These data support the use of the CSBS to assess the communication skills of African American infants.

Author Notes
We greatly appreciate the assistance of Steven Hooper and Donna Bryant in the planning of this study, Brenda Davis, Susan Zeisel, and Rhodus Riggins in the data collection and coding, Sarah Henderson in the manuscript preparation, and Elizabeth Gunn and Margaret Burchinal in the data analyses. We would also like to give special thanks to Amy Wetherby, Barry Prizant, and Kary Kublin for their assistance in coding the CSBS. This research was supported by the Maternal and Child Health Program (MCJ-370599 and MCJ-370649, Title V, Social Security Act), Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
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