Preschool Speech and Language Screening A Review of Currently Available Tests Clinical Focus
Clinical Focus  |   January 01, 1994
Preschool Speech and Language Screening
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Raymond A. Sturner, MD
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC
    Child Development Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Box 3364, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710
  • Thomas L. Layton
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Amy W. Evans
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC
  • James H. Heller
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC
  • Sandra G. Funk
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Marsha W. Machon
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC
Article Information
Special Populations / Early Identification & Intervention / School-Based Settings / Language Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Clinical Focus
Clinical Focus   |   January 01, 1994
Preschool Speech and Language Screening
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, January 1994, Vol. 3, 25-36. doi:10.1044/1058-0360.0301.25
History: Received June 21, 1991 , Accepted May 10, 1993
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, January 1994, Vol. 3, 25-36. doi:10.1044/1058-0360.0301.25
History: Received June 21, 1991; Accepted May 10, 1993

Fifty-one preschool speech-language screening tests were reviewed with regard to criteria crucial to screening test selection: professional time required, comprehensiveness, norms, and reliability/validity. A rationale was given for specific guidelines for each criterion. Twenty-five of the tests met the criterion of requiring 10 minutes or less. Nine of these met the criteria for brevity and comprehensiveness. Only six of the standardized tests reported any data that could be used to calculate clinical indices required to evaluate screening test validity. Of these six, only two provided the kind of data that would permit calculation of all predictive indices.

Acknowledgments
This study was supported by grant MCJ-370574 from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (Title V, Social Security Act), Health Resources and Services Administration, Department of Health and Human Services, and the Kate B. Reynolds Foundation. The authors also acknowledge Barbara Howard and Elizabeth Tornquist for their assistance with critical manuscript
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