Phonological Priming in Young Children Who Stutter: Holistic Versus Incremental Processing Purpose To investigate the holistic versus incremental phonological encoding processes of young children who stutter (CWS; N = 26) and age- and gender-matched children who do not stutter (CWNS; N = 26) via a picture-naming auditory priming paradigm. Method Children named pictures during 3 auditory priming conditions: neutral, ... Research Article
Research Article  |   February 01, 2007
Phonological Priming in Young Children Who Stutter: Holistic Versus Incremental Processing
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Courtney T. Byrd
    University of Texas at Austin
  • Edward G. Conture
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
  • Ralph N. Ohde
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
  • Contact author: Courtney T. Byrd, 10627 Floral Park Drive, Austin, TX 78759. E-mail: courtneybyrd@mail.utexas.edu.
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Research Articles
Research Article   |   February 01, 2007
Phonological Priming in Young Children Who Stutter: Holistic Versus Incremental Processing
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, February 2007, Vol. 16, 43-53. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2007/006)
History: Received July 27, 2005 , Revised March 22, 2006 , Accepted August 4, 2006
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, February 2007, Vol. 16, 43-53. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2007/006)
History: Received July 27, 2005; Revised March 22, 2006; Accepted August 4, 2006
Web of Science® Times Cited: 40

Purpose To investigate the holistic versus incremental phonological encoding processes of young children who stutter (CWS; N = 26) and age- and gender-matched children who do not stutter (CWNS; N = 26) via a picture-naming auditory priming paradigm.

Method Children named pictures during 3 auditory priming conditions: neutral, holistic, and incremental. Speech reaction time (SRT) was measured from the onset of picture presentation to the onset of participant response.

Results CWNS shifted from being significantly faster in the holistic priming condition to being significantly faster in the incremental priming condition from 3 to 5 years of age. In contrast, the majority of 3- and 5-year-old CWS continued to exhibit faster SRT in the holistic than the incremental condition.

Conclusion CWS are delayed in making the developmental shift in phonological encoding from holistic to incremental processing, a delay that may contribute to their difficulties establishing fluent speech.

Acknowledgments
This article is based on a doctoral dissertation completed in 2003 by Courtney Byrd at Vanderbilt University that was funded in part by National Institutes of Health (NIH) Grant DC0053. Courtney Byrd recently completed an NIH Postdoctoral Fellowship (1 F32 DC006755-01) funded to further pursue this particular area of research at the University of Texas at Austin. We would like to acknowledge and sincerely thank Drs. Dan Ashmead, Stephen Camarata, Tim McNamara, and Melanie Schuele for the time, effort, and thoughtfulness they put into this project. We extend further gratitude to Drs. Kay Bock and Herman Kolk for their significant contribution to our continued development of research in this area. We would also like to thank Hayley Arnold and Drs. Julie Anderson, Corrin Graham, and Mark Pellowski for their assistance with data collection. In addition, we would like to thank Dr. Warren Lambert for his helpful advice about the data analyses. Finally, we would like to especially thank the many children who participated in this study and their parents for their dedication to helping us better understand those variables that may contribute to the onset, development, and maintenance of childhood stuttering.
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