A Closer Look at Transcription Intelligibility for Speakers With Dysarthria: Evaluation of Scoring Paradigms and Linguistic Errors Made by Listeners Purpose This study addressed the effects of 3 different paradigms for scoring orthographic transcriptions of dysarthric speech on intelligibility scores. The study also examined whether there were differences in transcription accuracy among words from different linguistic classes. Method Speech samples were collected from 12 speakers with dysarthria of ... Research Article
Research Article  |   August 01, 2006
A Closer Look at Transcription Intelligibility for Speakers With Dysarthria: Evaluation of Scoring Paradigms and Linguistic Errors Made by Listeners
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Katherine C. Hustad
    University of Wisconsin—Madison
  • Contact author: Katherine C. Hustad, 475 Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin—Madison, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705. E-mail: kchustad@wisc.edu
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Dysarthria / Research Articles
Research Article   |   August 01, 2006
A Closer Look at Transcription Intelligibility for Speakers With Dysarthria: Evaluation of Scoring Paradigms and Linguistic Errors Made by Listeners
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2006, Vol. 15, 268-277. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2006/025)
History: Received May 27, 2005 , Revised October 22, 2005 , Accepted March 5, 2006
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2006, Vol. 15, 268-277. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2006/025)
History: Received May 27, 2005; Revised October 22, 2005; Accepted March 5, 2006
Web of Science® Times Cited: 13

Purpose This study addressed the effects of 3 different paradigms for scoring orthographic transcriptions of dysarthric speech on intelligibility scores. The study also examined whether there were differences in transcription accuracy among words from different linguistic classes.

Method Speech samples were collected from 12 speakers with dysarthria of varying severity. Twelve different listeners made orthographic transcriptions of each speaker, for a total of 144 listeners. Transcriptions were scored using 3 different paradigms: total word phonemic match, informational word phonemic match, and informational word semantic match. Transcriptions were also coded into 3 linguistic categories: content words, modifiers, and functors. The number of words that each listener transcribed correctly within each category was tallied.

Results There were significant differences among the 3 scoring paradigms. However, the magnitude of differences was relatively small. In addition, listeners transcribed functor words more accurately than content words or modifiers. They also transcribed free morphemes more accurately than bound morphemes.

Conclusions The specific scoring paradigm that clinicians employ for measuring speech intelligibility appears to be relatively inconsequential as long as consistent procedures are used. Analyses of the kinds of words that listeners transcribe correctly suggest that interventions focusing on listener processing strategies should be considered for enhancing intelligibility of speakers with chronic dysarthria.

Acknowledgments
This research was funded by National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Grant R03 DC005536. The author thanks Caitlin Dardis and Lisa Igl for assistance with coding orthographic transcriptions.
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