An Internet-Based Telerehabilitation System for the Assessment of Motor Speech Disorders: A Pilot Study Purpose This pilot study explored the feasibility and effectiveness of an Internet-based telerehabilitation application for the assessment of motor speech disorders in adults with acquired neurological impairment. Method Using a counterbalanced, repeated measures research design, 2 speech-language pathologists assessed 19 speakers with dysarthria on a battery of perceptual ... Research Article
Research Article  |   February 01, 2006
An Internet-Based Telerehabilitation System for the Assessment of Motor Speech Disorders: A Pilot Study
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Anne J. Hill
    The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • Deborah G. Theodoros
    The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • Trevor G. Russell
    The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • Louise M. Cahill
    The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • Elizabeth C. Ward
    The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • Kathy M. Clark
    Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • Contact author: Anne J. Hill,Division of Speech Pathology, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia. Email: a.hill@shrs.uq.edu.au
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Telepractice & Computer-Based Approaches / Research Articles
Research Article   |   February 01, 2006
An Internet-Based Telerehabilitation System for the Assessment of Motor Speech Disorders: A Pilot Study
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, February 2006, Vol. 15, 45-56. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2006/006)
History: Received April 4, 2005 , Revised August 18, 2005 , Accepted October 20, 2005
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, February 2006, Vol. 15, 45-56. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2006/006)
History: Received April 4, 2005; Revised August 18, 2005; Accepted October 20, 2005
Web of Science® Times Cited: 46

Purpose This pilot study explored the feasibility and effectiveness of an Internet-based telerehabilitation application for the assessment of motor speech disorders in adults with acquired neurological impairment.

Method Using a counterbalanced, repeated measures research design, 2 speech-language pathologists assessed 19 speakers with dysarthria on a battery of perceptual assessments. The assessments included a 19-item version of the Frenchay Dysarthria Assessment (FDA; P. Enderby, 1983), the Assessment of Intelligibility of Dysarthric Speech (K. M. Yorkston & D. R. Beukelman, 1981), perceptual analysis of a speech sample, and an overall rating of severity of the dysarthria. One assessment was conducted in the traditional face-to-face manner, whereas the other assessment was conducted using an online, custom-built telerehabilitation application. This application enabled real-time videoconferencing at 128 kb/s and the transfer of store-and-forward audio and video data between the speaker and speech-language pathologist sites. The assessment methods were compared using the J. M. Bland and D. G. Altman (1986, 1999)  limits-of-agreement method and percentage level of agreement between the 2 methods.

Results Measurements of severity of dysarthria, percentage intelligibility in sentences, and most perceptual ratings made in the telerehabilitation environment were found to fall within the clinically acceptable criteria. However, several ratings on the FDA were not comparable between the environments, and explanations for these results were explored.

Conclusions The online assessment of motor speech disorders using an Internet-based telerehabilitation system is feasible. This study suggests that with additional refinement of the technology and assessment protocols, reliable assessment of motor speech disorders over the Internet is possible. Future research methods are outlined.

Acknowledgment
Funding from The University of Queensland’s Faculty of Health Sciences Small Grant Program (Grant B/502/SPA/01/UQSGS) supported this study.
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