Effects of Length, Complexity, and Grammatical Correctness on Stuttering in Spanish-Speaking Preschool Children Purpose To explore the effects of utterance length, syntactic complexity, and grammatical correctness on stuttering in the spontaneous speech of young, monolingual Spanish-speaking children. Method Spontaneous speech samples of 11 monolingual Spanish-speaking children who stuttered, ages 35 to 70 months, were examined. Mean number of syllables, total number ... Research Article
Research Article  |   August 01, 2011
Effects of Length, Complexity, and Grammatical Correctness on Stuttering in Spanish-Speaking Preschool Children
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jennifer B. Watson
    Texas Christian University, Fort Worth
  • Courtney T. Byrd
    The University of Texas at Austin
  • Edna J. Carlo
    University of Puerto Rico, San Juan
  • Correspondence to Jennifer B. Watson: j.watson@tcu.edu
  • Editor: Carol Scheffner Hammer
    Editor: Carol Scheffner Hammer×
  • Associate Editor: Patrick Finn
    Associate Editor: Patrick Finn×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Research Articles
Research Article   |   August 01, 2011
Effects of Length, Complexity, and Grammatical Correctness on Stuttering in Spanish-Speaking Preschool Children
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2011, Vol. 20, 209-220. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2011/10-0019)
History: Received March 5, 2010 , Revised September 20, 2010 , Accepted May 15, 2011
 
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, August 2011, Vol. 20, 209-220. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2011/10-0019)
History: Received March 5, 2010; Revised September 20, 2010; Accepted May 15, 2011
Web of Science® Times Cited: 7

Purpose To explore the effects of utterance length, syntactic complexity, and grammatical correctness on stuttering in the spontaneous speech of young, monolingual Spanish-speaking children.

Method Spontaneous speech samples of 11 monolingual Spanish-speaking children who stuttered, ages 35 to 70 months, were examined. Mean number of syllables, total number of clauses, utterance complexity (i.e., containing no clauses, simple clauses, or subordinate and/or conjoined clauses), and grammatical correctness (i.e., the presence or absence of morphological and syntactical errors) in stuttered and fluent utterances were compared.

Results Findings revealed that stuttered utterances in Spanish tended to be longer and more often grammatically incorrect, and contain more clauses, including more subordinate and/or conjoined clauses. However, when controlling for the interrelatedness of syllable number and clause number and complexity, only utterance length and grammatical incorrectness were significant predictors of stuttering in the spontaneous speech of these Spanish-speaking children. Use of complex utterances did not appear to contribute to the prediction of stuttering when controlling for utterance length.

Conclusions Results from the present study were consistent with many earlier reports of English-speaking children. Both length and grammatical factors appear to affect stuttering in Spanish-speaking children. Grammatical errors, however, served as the greatest predictor of stuttering.

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